The "One Hundred Visions of War" of Julien Vocance (1878-1954) comprise some of the first haiku written in the West. Where classical Japanese haiku traditionally speaks of the beauty of Nature, Vocance uses the form to a very different purpose, depicting the horror and brutality of armed conflict, as seen from the trenches during the First World War. Readers get a ground-level view of unimaginable slaughter. The value of Vocance's poetry lies in its witness to the experience of the human being caught up in a battle which, as Wendell Berry put it, "the machines won." Only imagine: an obscure soldier-poet pits his human art against overwhelming military technology, and his art survives.